What is Dark Fibre and What are the Benefits for Business?

| Dark Fibre

In the world of telecommunications and data transmission, the term "dark fibre" is becoming increasingly common. Dark fibres are used to transmit data and provide services such as internet access and voice services. In this article, we will explore the concept of dark fibre in greater detail, examining its potential benefits and drawbacks for businesses and consumers alike.

What is dark fibre?

Dark fibre is a term used to describe unused optical fibre cables deployed in an area. This fibre optic cable is usually located underground, but can also be found overhead or in the walls of existing buildings. Dark fibres are utilised for telecommunications and data transmission purposes, such as internet access and voice services.

Typically, dark fibres are leased from a third party provider in order to increase communication capabilities between two endpoints. These fibres are not actively carrying data and are therefore referred to as “dark”.

How does dark fibre network work?

A dark fibre network requires that each endpoint has a device called an Optical Network Terminal (ONT) which converts digital signals into light pulses and vice versa. To create a physical connection between endpoints, the ONT device must be connected to the local exchange office via a multi-mode fibre patch cord.

Once all of the appropriate connections have been established, the dark fibre gets lit up with an Ethernet signal by way of an Optical Line Terminal (OLT). Once lit up, this creates a bi-directional communication path between two endpoints on either side of the fiber-optic infrastructure.

Benefits of Dark Fibre

Dark Fibre Networks offer several benefits over traditional communication networks such as increased bandwidth and speed, enhanced reliability and improved security due to its dedicated connection from point A to point B and its lack of interference from other networks. In addition, they provide businesses with greater scalability and flexibility than traditional communication links because they are leased rather than owned outright; businesses only pay for what they need without investing heavily in infrastructure. This helps companies save time and money while still being able to access high-speed networking capabilities when required.

Reasons to get Dark Fibre for your Business

The main reason why many businesses choose dark fibres is that they offer reliable connectivity with long-term scalability potential at competitive prices compared to other kinds of data transmission options like wireless technologies or dedicated leased lines that require more capital expenditure upfront. Other reasons include: lower latency rates for critical applications; higher upload/download speeds for large files; optimized capacity utilization with less strain on existing networks; better synchronization across geographically separated locations; improved customer experience through better customer service applications; as well as enhanced security due to fewer bottlenecks compared to shared networks hosting multiple clients.

How to Decide if you need dark fibre?

When deciding whether or not you should opt for a dark fibre solution, it’s important to think about your current needs as well as any foreseeable future needs for increased bandwidth or capacity - darker cables tend to have limited insulation which makes them prone heat build-up resulting in degradation over time if constantly running at maximum transmission levels – but also what type of business you’re operating because some industries may require higher bandwidth or performance than others (think eCommerce stores versus gaming). Additionally consider any potential expansion plans - do you anticipate expanding into new areas soon requiring additional network coverage? Ultimately analyzing all these factors should help determine whether investing in a dark fiber solution is the right choice for your business purposes going forward.

Michael Lim

Co-founder | Managing Director

Michael has accumulated two decades of technology business experience through various roles, including senior positions in IT firms, senior sales roles at Asia Netcom, Pacnet, and Optus, and serving as a senior executive at Nexthop.

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